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Six Sigma for Greece

Towards a Better and More Peaceful Greece

Six Sigma for Greece

Pradeep B. Deshpande*

Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering, University of Louisville; Visiting Professor of Management, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky; and President, Six Sigma & Advanced Controls, Inc., Louisville, KY 40222 USA

With the Support of

Nicolaos Birbilis, Marios–Goulielmos Choumos, Olga Chyti, Sofia Georgakopoulou, Olypmia -Eleftheria Giannakopoulou, Eirini Grapsa, Grigorios Kalantonis, Konstantinos Liakaris, Christos Vellios, Paraskevi Makri, Panagiotis Megas, Michail Missos, Georgios Mitsopoulos, Ioanna Ninou, Konstantinos Oikonomou, Dimosthenis Pantelakis, Ioannis Petsaggourakis, Eleni Pouloudi, Vasileia Tsioupli, Asimina Tsouplaki, and Panagiotis Zacharopoulos

MBA Students of the University of Kentucky at TEI Piraeus, Athens, Greece

Dedicated to

Prof. Petros Kalantonis, Assistant Coordinator

University of Kentucky Gatton College of Business & Economics MBA Program

at TEI Piraeus, Athens, Greece

Figure 1. MBA Six Sigma Class of the University of Kentucky in Athens


A scientific approach towards a better and more peaceful Greece is presented. While the focus of attention here is Greece, emerging nations such as India may use the concepts presented to accelerate their rise and developed nations such as the United States to keep their inevitable and eventual decline at bay longer.

*Correspondence: Prof. Pradeep B. Deshpande, Six Sigma & advanced Controls, Inc., http://www.sot.sixsigmaquality.com

e-mail: pradeep@sixsigmaquality.com


Rise and decline are natural phenomena and so, no society is immune to them. However, as this paper explains, it is possible to change the direction of the societies currently in decline such as Greece, accelerate the rise of emerging nations such as India, and keep the decline at bay longer for developed nations such as the United States. This is possible with a scientific and auditable framework for internal and external excellence. The approach must necessarily be scientific as humanity has become increasingly rational minded since the days of Copernicus perhaps stung by Aristotle’s false claims of our Earth-centric existence.

To begin, it is critical to be aware of the notion of internal excellence. The knowledge of S, R, T components of the mindset of an individual and how they relate to positive and negative emotions is essential to our understand why societies rise and decline. Together, the three components lead to a scale of internal excellence explained in Figure 2. Just as individuals have a level of internal excellence, so do societies but when it comes to societies, we speak of the average level of internal excellence. As the average S component of a nation rises, that nation rises but the S component cannot rise indefinitely and so when it reaches its peak, the T component gains dominance and the nation begins to decline. The T component cannot rise indefinitely either and when it reaches its peak, the S component takes over and the nation begins to rise again. This process repeats itself indefinitely or at least into the foreseeable future. These ideas are depicted in Figure 3. It is impossible to get a handle on precisely why these components should undergo such a transformation, but it is certain that they do.

Global peace ad infinitum is impossible since there always will be nations in the various stages of rise and decline. However, with the scientific framework for internal and external excellence, it should be possible to make the world better and more peaceful. So, when we speak of a better and more peaceful Greece, we speak of an auditable scientific methodology which has the capacity to: (1) reduce defect levels in all products and services, and (2) to raise its average level of internal excellence of the society.

Scientific Framework of External Excellence 

As depicted in Figure 4, developed nations are characterized by relatively low defect levels in all products and services while emerging nations are characterized by high defect levels. So, the path forward for progress may appear deceptively straightforward: Reduce the defect levels in all processes and transactions! Six sigma is a popular quality initiative for external excellence in all activities and processes from wake-up time to bedtime including all that we do at work and therefore it may be deployed to reduce defect levels. Defects in the outcomes of work processes arise because of unavoidable (unknown and uncontrollable) causes that are always present. This means, perfection is not in the plan of nature no matter how well the processes are designed and operated. Defects also arise due to avoidable (discoverable) factors including measurement errors. Fixing the discoverable factors therefore reduce defect levels. Whatever be the process or transaction, and whatever be the outcome(s), the goal of six sigma or any other quality initiative is always the same: To move the outcome-average towards its target and minimize the standard deviation. These ideas are explained in Figure 5. When this is done, defects plummet, customer satisfaction skyrockets, competitiveness is restored, and the financial benefits accrue.

Unfortunately, the framework of external excellence is necessary but not sufficient for reducing the defect levels to their minimum. The elephant in the room is the level of internal excellence. As Figure 4 illustrates, societies where the defect levels are lower are also those whose average level of internal excellence is higher and vice versa. So, it is necessary for Greece to embrace both frameworks of excellence: external and internal.

Scientific Framework of Internal Excellence

The sole aim of the scientific framework for internal excellence is to raise the S component of an individual and the average level of internal excellence of the society where he/she lives, in this case, Greece. This being a scientific and auditable methodology, the first task is to find a measurement device for internal excellence. The S, R, T components of the mindset of an individual cannot be measured directly and therefore neither can the level of internal excellence. The first and foremost outcome indicative of the level of internal excellence that is amenable to self-assessment is the capacity to remain centered in the presence of extraordinary external conditions. Figure 6 illustrates the idea. When the level of internal excellence is relatively low (low S, high R, T), the internal condition goes haywire when an extraordinary external condition occurs whereas the same external condition produces minor ripples in the internal condition when the internal excellence is high. Mundane examples include a driver’s instantaneous reaction to someone cutting into their lane, reflex reaction upon stubbing a toe, etc. It is possible to use this as a guide to ascertain how much progress has been made.

Inferring Internal Excellence from Bioenergy Measurements. The measurement device for inferring internal excellence proposed here was developed in Russia over fifteen years ago and it is based on the gas discharge visualization (GDV) principle. The device is called GDV Bio-Well and it provides an estimate of the physiological and psychoemotional state of a subject. The GDV technology upon which the device is based was approved for use as a routine medical diagnostic device in Russian hospitals and doctor’s offices by their Ministry of Health over fifteen years ago.

The device is inspired by the ancient Chinese system of energy meridians and utilizes the gas discharge visualization (GDV) principle. It provides a non-invasive, painless, and almost immediate evaluation. GDV Bio-Well utilizes a weak, completely painless electrical current applied to each fingertip for less than a millisecond. The body’s response to this stimulus is an emission of electrons and light-energy photons. The glow of this discharge is captured by an optical Charge Coupled Device (CCD) camera system and then translated into a digital computer file. The data from each test are compared in the database of tens of thousands of subjects to estimate the physiological and psychoemotional state of the subject at a high confidence level. Unlike a traditional medical diagnostic device such as a CT-scan or an MRI which provides information on the specific subject undergoing the test, the Bio-Well measurement provides a statistical response to the question, compared to the database of tens of thousands of subjects, what is the physiological and psychoemotional state of the subject at a high confidence level.

Bio-Well produces several interrelated outcomes: (1) Overall energy, measured in Joules, (2) Emotional stress level and balance between the physiological & psychoemotional state, (3) Parameters and relative positions of the seven chakras, (4) Yin Yang meridians energy distribution, (5) Health Status, and (6) Energy reserve. The Health Status Bio-gram reflects the current health status of various organs and subsystems of the subject in comparison to a large number of apparently healthy subjects in the database while the Energy Reserve Bio-gram reflects the potential for future health problems if not corrected.

The psychoemotional state of a subject has a strong bearing on internal excellence. An individual endowed with abundant positive emotions has a higher level of internal excellence while an individual who carries recurring negative emotions has a much lower level of internal excellence. Just as we inherit genetic traits from our ancestors, so also psychoemotional traits which have a bearing on the level of internal excellence. No one need be offended by an estimate of a lower level of internal excellence. The approach presented here has the power to reverse the effects of these inherited and self-generated negative psychoemotional traits.

Of special significance to this work is the state of the chakras. The chakra system has been around in India for thousands of years. There are seven chakras or energy channels whose state is influenced by the physiological and psychoemotional state of a subject. In the context of the present work, each of the seven chakras must be properly sized corresponding to 5 joules and be aligned along the central vertical line as shown in Figure 7. Recall that our wish to raise the level of internal excellence is tantamount to a desire for abundant positive emotions. Indian sages have known about the direct proportionality of positive emotions and the state of chakras for a very long time. Conversely, negative emotions lead to emotional stress and not surprisingly, disturb the state of chakras. When the state of chakras is optimal, all other outcomes of Bio-Well are expected to

be optimal. In this work, the state of chakras (chakra sizes–energy expressed in Joules, and the

alignment of the chakras expressed as a percentage) together with the overall energy of the subject in Joules are used as an inferential estimate of the level of internal excellence. Remember that the state of the chakras is also influenced by the physiological state of a subject.

Process to Raise Level of Internal Excellence

It is easy to get fooled into thinking that one can easily raise the level of internal excellence by merely tracking the S, R, T components to insure that the S component nudges higher and R and T components nudge lower but such is not the case. A thirty-day self-assessment can convince anyone of this. It is also necessary to embrace a process whose side-effect is a rise in the S component and therefore the level of internal excellence and such a process is meditation. The efficacy of meditation practices is enhanced by physical exercises for external systems (muscles, joints, and the spine) such as yoga asanas, workouts at a Gym, etc., as well as Pranic (breathing) exercises for internal organs and systems.

Case Study

The goal of the study is to demonstrate the usefulness of meditation as a tool to optimize the chakra system, i. e., to raise the level of internal excellence. For the seven chakras, there are fourteen outputs to regulate; seven chakra sizes (energy), Joules and seven chakra alignments, %. The target value of each chakra size is 5 Joules and the target value of the alignment of each chakra is 100.0 %. Defects arise when the chakra sizes are lower than or far greater than 5.0 Joules and the chakras are away from the central vertical line. This is an interacting multivariable control problem as several of the finger energies influence more than one chakra. The goal of optimization is to drive each chakra size towards 5 Joules and each chakra alignment towards 100.0. Perfection is not possible owing to uncontrollable and unknown causes meaning that it is impossible to achieve 5 Joules and 100% alignment as in Figure 7 at all times. This is particularly so for the vast majority of us who are not self-realized yogis and monks and so we would be content with achieving the correct mean value of each chakra energy as close to 5 Joules as possible and the % alignments as close to 100% as possible while minimizing the variances of the chakra sizes and % alignment for all seven chakras. The subject must be able to confirm the benefits of success experientially as well. Unlike routine constrained model predictive control technologies encountered in industry, this is a particularly unusual problem in that here the process and the controller/optimizer are the same, namely our own selves.

The author has conducted a large number of experiments on himself to assess the efficacy of meditation as a tool to raise the level of internal excellence. Table I shows the performance averaged over the 63 days. Table II shows how many times the overall energy, average chakra size, and % alignment improved, deteriorated, and remained the same. Figure 8 presents some of the best before-and-after results in graphical format. The data are in chronological order but there many days when it was not possible to allocate time for meditation for family, travel, or other reasons. In the vast majority of cases, meditation may be seen to have brought about improvement which the author attests to experientially.

These results of the author presented reveal that the overall energy as measured by GDV Bio-Well has gone up virtually in every one of the 63 measurements. Our autonomic system (heart rate, respiration, burning of calories) is still at work in the course of meditation and so the increase in measured overall energy must necessarily mean that the light-energy component of our bioenergy has gone up. Additional explanation on this topic may be found in the Appendix.

Chakra System of Unwell Subjects. Figure 9 depicts the chakra system of a few seriously unwell subjects. The overall energy level in these instances is generally much lower and the chakras even when fairly well aligned, are very small in size corresponding to low chakra energy levels. As shown in one of these figures, it is also possible for an unwell subject to possess excessively high overall and chakra energy levels. The state of the chakra system for the seriously unwell subjects shown in Figure 9 together with that of the yogi shown in Figure 7 and the results of the author in Figure 8 and Tables I and II emphasize the need the keep the bioenergy systems up and close to the targets as late in life as possible for good physiological state (for heathier life and a longer lifespan) as well as for a good psychoemotional state (higher level of internal excellence).

Baseline for the Students in the MBA Class

There were twenty-one students in the six sigma class February 22 – March 3, 2016. During the two-week class, the students learned the principles of six sigma for external excellence, scientific framework for internal excellence, the concept of bioenergy and its measurement with Bio-Well for estimating the physiological and psychoemotional state, how internal excellence impacts external excellence, and how meditation practices improve the physiological and psychoemotional state for a healthier life and a longer lifespan and a higher level of internal excellence. Table III depicts the data for the eleven students who volunteered to have their bioenergy measured. The overall energy for ten of the eleven students is low, chakra energies too are low and the chakras are far from aligned. The need for progress is clear.

The dedication of the students in the class is evident from the fact that most of them are full-time employees and chose to enroll in the eighteen-month month MBA program in which the classes meet Mondays through Fridays 6:00 pm to 10 pm. A majority of them are regular smokers and have understood the importance of diet, physical exercise, and meditation for their physiological and psychoemotional wellbeing. The students understand that a bub-optimal chakra system is to be taken as an opportunity for improvement. They realize that if a scientist like the author can achieve this level of progress, they too certainly can. What is required is to diligently and regularly follow what has been covered in the class. Assuming that the students keep up with the meditation practice, the state of their chakra system is bound to improve by the time the measurement is repeated in February 2017. Furthermore, they will have experientially known the benefits of their practice as well. It is hoped that these students will become a shining example for others in Greece to pursue for a better and more peaceful Greece.

Renowned theoretical physicist and three-time presidential nominee, John Hagelin and his associates conducted experiments in Washington DC and in the Middle East in the eighties showing that the benefit of meditation extend to the larger society although a much small number of people are meditating. This concept will be useful as Greece strives to transform itself into a better and a more peaceful nation.

Discussion and Conclusions

A scientific framework for internal and external excellence towards a better and more peaceful Greece has been presented. Not every culture need necessarily rise to the same height nor decline to the same depth. In its previous cycle, Greece had given birth to some of the finest individuals such as Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, Archimedes, Homer and a host of others to ever walk on Earth. This is one reason the author is confident that Greece can achieve exemplary performance in all walks of life and the framework presented here is the pathway to do so.


This paper is written with the blessings of Gurumahan Paranjothiar and implicit blessings of Baba Shivanand Ji. The helpful comments of Prof. Korotkov are much appreciated.


  1. Deshpande, P. B., Korotkov, K., Kowall, J. P., Bioenergy Measurements for Predictive Medical Diagnosis, Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research, 7, 2, February 2016.
  2. P. B., Kowall, J. P., The Nature of Ultimate Reality and How it Can Transform our World: Evidence from Modern Physics; Wisdom of Yoda, Six Sigma and Advanced Controls, Inc., January 2015 (available on amazon).
  3. Deshpande, P. B., Six Sigma for Karma Capitalism, Six Sigma and Advanced Controls, Inc., January 2015 (available on amazon).
  4. Hagelin, John S., et al., Effects of Group Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Preventing Violent Crime in Washington, DC: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June-July 1993, Social Indicators Research, 47, 2, 153-201, 1999.
  5. Korotkov K.G., Energy fields Electrophotonic analysis in humans and nature, 2012. 240 p. e-book: Amazon.com.
  6. Orme-Johnson, David W., et al., The Effects of the Maharishi Technology of the United Field, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 32, 4, 1988.
  7. Pehek J. O., Kyler, H. J., and Foust, D. L., Image Modulation in Corona Discharge Photography, Science, Vol. 194, 263 – 270, October 1976.

APPENDIX. Criticality of Bioenergy to Life

Human beings have trillions of cells. Every cell has a nucleus which contains forty-six chromosomes that come as 23 pairs (23X,X for females and 23X,Y for males). Between the nucleus and the cell-wall is cytoplasm which contains a gel-like substance called cytosol. The cellular composition includes nucleic acids; DNA and RNA, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, water, salts, etc. If we break down the cells further, they are made up of atoms which contain protons, neutrons, and electrons. Atoms not being solid objects, the question arises, what characteristic of an atom gives the specific character to matter. For example, why is iron, iron and why is gold, gold? The answer is, atomic configuration. Change the atomic configuration and the specific character of matter will change. Similarly, if the cellular configuration is changed, a diseased cell can become a healthy cell and vice-versa. Thus, it is perfectly reasonable to think of ourselves in terms of vibrations, frequency and light, not necessarily visible light. This light-energy controls the micro atomic particles which controls the subatomic particles which in turn controls atomic particles, and finally the atomic configuration. From the atomic configuration is born the cellular structure. Our goal should be to optimize the light-energy to maintain a healthy cellular structure and maybe that will extend life.

Human bioenergy comes in two forms, one that comes from food (calorific, physical energy), and the other is the light-energy. Much is already known about calorific energy and so the focus here is on light-energy. The light-energy varies from one individual to the next in part because of what we inherit from our ancestors beginning with our parents (23X,X from mother and 23X,Y from father) and from the time we are in our mother’s womb when we had no control to later in life by own willful actions. The GDV Bio-Well measurement reflects both forms of bioenergy, physical energy and light-energy. By measuring the bioenergy of a subject at the start, after rigorous physical exercise, and after meditation it is possible to show that physical exercise reduces the physical energy component of bioenergy as expected as calories are burned while meditation increases the light-energy component of bioenergy. Furthermore, the respiration rate and heart rate drop. These observations suggest that increasing the light-energy may increase the quality and quantity of life.

A qualitative plot of bioenergy levels of humans is depicted in Figure A1. The bioenergy of humans varies within a min-max band from birth to somewhere close to death at which time it may drop rather quickly to a very low value relative to that during life, eventually reducing to zero. Out of the many possible trajectories to the end of life, two are shown in the figure. Additionally, the bioenergy of seriously sick subjects can be very low or exceptionally high. Thus, sustained efforts aimed at optimizing the light-energy component with meditation starting at a young age for as long as possible in life may deliver a healthier life and a longer lifespan. Physical exercises and good dietary habits are supportive of longer life as well.